Not All Liver Diseases Can Be Contagious. Here are some considerations

Not All Liver Diseases Can Be Contagious. Here are some considerations — There are various types of liver disease. But no matter what type of liver disease you have, the process of liver damage usually progresses in the same way — from inflammation, to scar tissue formation, to cirrhosis, to liver failure.

The next question is: Is liver disease contagious?

Read on for this article to find out the answer.

Liver disease is contagious or not, depending on the cause

Liver disease can be caused by various factors, ranging from heredity, an unhealthy lifestyle, to viral infections. The two most common types of inherited liver disease are hemochromatosis and alpha-1 antitrypsin.

Meanwhile, fatty liver is a type of liver disease caused by an unhealthy lifestyle, for example from drinking alcohol (alcoholic fatty liver) and eating fatty foods and lack of exercise (non-alcoholic fatty liver).

These types of liver disease, which are influenced by heredity and an unhealthy lifestyle, are certainly not contagious.

Another case with liver disease caused by viral hepatitis. Hepatitis is a contagious liver disease, because it is a viral infection. There are many types of viruses that can cause hepatitis, namely hepatitis A, B, C, D, and E.

The most common mode of transmission of the hepatitis virus

However, the transmission of the hepatitis virus from one person to another is not as simple as through droplets of saliva that are sprayed when sneezing or coughing is not covered like coughs and colds, or through ordinary touch.

Hepatitis virus is not found in sneezing, coughing, saliva, or breast milk. So, the way the hepatitis virus is transmitted is a little more complex and will also depend on the type of virus.

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There are certain behaviors that increase your risk for infectious liver diseases such as viral hepatitis. For example:

  • You live with and share personal items (for example, eating and drinking utensils or razors) with someone who has hepatitis.
  • Consuming food and drink contaminated by feces containing the hepatitis virus (usually this is the route of transmission of hepatitis A and hepatitis E).
  • Sharing drug needles with other people can expose you to infected blood.
  • Direct contact with blood infected with the hepatitis virus, for example in health institutions such as hospital staff or living with hepatitis patients.
  • Tattoos, body piercings, meni pedi devices, and exposure to other unsterile needles.
    Having sex with people who are infected with the hepatitis virus, including anal, oral, and anal sex (is a common route of spread of the hepatitis B, hepatitis C and hepatitis D viruses.
  • Receiving blood transfusions from donors who have viral hepatitis.
  • Suffering from HIV. If you become infected with HIV through injecting drug needles, receiving contaminated blood transfusions, or engaging in unprotected sexual activity, your risk of getting hepatitis increases. However, it is exposure to bodily fluids that puts you at risk, not your HIV status.
  • Pregnant women with hepatitis can transmit the infection to their children, but not through breast milk but through vaginal fluids or maternal blood during childbirth.
  • Not washing hands after changing diapers with feces contaminated with the hepatitis virus.

Prevent transmission of viral hepatitis infection

Viral hepatitis is a type of infectious liver disease. However, viral hepatitis can be prevented by maintaining the best possible personal hygiene. Here’s what you need to do to prevent transmission of the hepatitis virus:

  • Get the hepatitis vaccine, for hepatitis A and B
  • Make it a habit to wash your hands; before eating, after getting out of the toilet, before and after cleaning the baby’s bottom, before and after preparing food for cooking, and so on.
  • Be sure to wash fruit or vegetables before eating. Cook the meat until it is fully cooked.
  • Avoid using drugs in any form
  • Be careful when using needles
  • Have safe sex
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