Lipstick Allergy Causes, Recognize Symptoms, and Treatment

donutmedialab.com — There are many types of lip color, aka lipstick, which are made in various chemical formulations. The chemical content in lipstick can trigger allergic reactions in some people. Lipstick allergies can cause mild to severe reactions. Get to know the chemicals in lipstick that can cause allergies along with their symptoms and how to deal with them here.

What is a lipstick allergy?

Lipstick allergy is an overreaction of the immune system due to certain chemicals (allergens) contained in lipstick. This condition is often referred to as allergic contact cheilitis.

This allergic reaction is classified into type IV hypersensitivity or allergies that arise due to an inflammatory reaction due to certain ingredients.

Lipstick allergies can cause symptoms such as burning, itching, and swelling of the lips. This reaction can occur within 24 to 72 hours and lasts for 2 to 3 days. These symptoms usually appear on the outer lips and edges of the mouth and look like eczema.

What are the symptoms of a lipstick allergy?

If you choose a new lip color, be aware of the following allergy symptoms.

1. Lips feel hot

The appearance of a burning sensation on the lips after wearing lipstick can be an early symptom of allergies. In addition to feeling hot, allergic reactions can cause a burning sensation and even numbness.

2. Itching

Symptoms of this skin allergy usually do not appear immediately. You can only feel itchy a few hours after you apply the lipstick. The itching may get stronger over time.

3. Dry and peeling

After itching, the lips can feel stiff and dry. When you move your lips, even the surface skin can crack and crack. The skin on the lips peels and even becomes red to bleed and blister.

 4. Swollen lips

Swelling is a common reaction when the body fights certain allergens or allergens. Symptoms of an allergy on the lips are usually mild, but are potentially life-threatening if the swelling spreads to the respiratory tract.

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What causes a lipstick allergy?

The cause of lipstick allergy is the immune system that causes skin inflammation when it reacts with certain chemicals contained in lipstick. Citing research published by the Minnesota Medical Association (2017), the following are the ingredients in lipstick that can cause allergies.

1. Benzophenone-3

Benzophenone-3 is a sunscreen ingredient in lipstick. This content does protect the lips from exposure to UV rays, but can trigger allergies. These allergens can cause allergy symptoms such as swollen lips and blisters.

2. Flavoring ingredients

There are several types of flavorings in lipstick, namely peppermint and menthol. This lipstick ingredient gives a fresh and cool sensation on the lips. However, both can trigger a lipstick allergy. Menthol ingredients even cause a fairly strong allergic effect as in benzophenone-3 ingredients.

3. Additional fragrance

There are several fragrance ingredients added to lipstick, such as:

  • balsam peru,
  • cinnamic alcohol,
  • cinnamic aldehyde, and
  • limonene.

The ingredients above can cause a severe allergic reaction such as swollen lips and blisters that appear supple.

4. Moisturizer

Moisturizing ingredients can basically reduce the risk of allergies. However, there are some moisturizing ingredients that actually trigger mild allergic reactions, such as:

  • castor oil or castor oil
  • sesame oil
  • resins
  • ozonized olive oil
  • propolis
  • lanolin

5. Dye

There are several types of dyes that trigger allergies. Beware of allergic reactions if you use lipstick that contains dyes such as:

  • D&C Yellow #11,
  • D&C Red #7, 17, 21 (eosin), 36,
  • lithol Rubine BCA,
  • quinazoline yellow, and
  • carmine.

The content of these dyes is usually listed on the composition section of the lipstick product packaging. Some other ingredients that cause allergies are nickel metal and preservatives. Lipstick generally does not contain nickel. However, this content is usually found in lipstick containers.

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How is a lipstick allergy diagnosed?

To find out whether you have a lipstick allergy or not, you can undergo the following tests.

1. Patch test

The doctor will perform an allergy test with a patch test or patch test to test for the appearance of an allergic reaction. The doctor will place some samples of the allergen on the back for 48 hours. Patch test results will appear after 96 hours. If you have a lip color allergy, some of the lipstick compositions that you put on your back will cause your skin to turn red and cause blisters.

2. Lip swab

This is useful for detecting bacterial and fungal infections that can trigger skin infections on the lips that resemble allergy symptoms, such as the following microorganism infections.

  • Candida albicans.
  • Staphylococcus aureus.
  • Streptococcus.

3. Biopsy

A biopsy is the removal of a small sample of your lip tissue. This sample is then examined under a microscope to determine the main cause of the problem on the lips. Sampling is usually done when the condition of the lip tissue is still damaged in the long term.

How to treat lipstick allergy?

Here are some ways to treat lipstick allergy lips.

1. Use lip balm

One of the symptoms of this allergy is dry and chapped lips. To reduce the symptoms, you can choose the following moisturizing ingredients that do not trigger allergies, such as:

  • petroleum jelly,
  • mineral oils,
  • dimethicone,
  • titanium oxide of zinc oxide,
  • ceramide, and
  • linseed oil.

2. Corticosteroids

Corticosteroids are allergy medications that are useful for relieving the symptoms of inflammation and itching of the lips. This drug is usually in the form of a gel or ointment with a hydrocortisone content of 1%. Make sure you don’t use it for more than a week without a doctor’s supervision.

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3. Calcineurin inhibitors

This medicine can be applied to the lips that have allergies. This drug contains three types of active ingredients, namely cyclosporine, tacrolimus, and pimecrolimus. The way calcineurin inhibitors work is to suppress inflammatory compounds in the body that arise due to allergic reactions. This treatment is done if corticosteroids are no longer effective.

What are the complications of a lipstick allergy?

Allergies usually subside quickly after you don’t use this cosmetic until the reaction subsides. However, in certain cases, this one cosmetic allergy can trigger a life-threatening allergic reaction or anaphylaxis.

Signs of a person experiencing anaphylaxis, namely:

  • dizzy,
  • fainted,
  • low blood pressure,
  • breaths short and fast,
  • wheezing or wheezing,
  • fast heartbeat,
  • sweating profusely,
  • swelling of the tongue and throat,
  • vomit, and
  • diarrhea.

How to prevent lipstick allergy?

Here’s how to reduce the risk of lip allergies.

  • Manage stress. Stress makes a person susceptible to allergy symptoms.
  • Use lip balm regularly. Use lip balm before applying lipstick, before activities, and at night before going to bed.
  • Avoid licking the lips. Saliva will damage the protective layer of the lips so that the lips are prone to inflammation.
  • Read the composition of the lipstick. This is useful for choosing an allergen-free lipstick.

Lipstick allergy is one of the most common cosmetic allergies. This condition arises due to the content of lipstick that irritates and makes the lips inflamed. Before buying lipstick, make sure you check the composition first, especially if you have sensitive skin and a history of allergies.

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