Early Detection of Kidney Disease, How to Deal with It?

Early Detection of Kidney Disease, How to Deal with It?

donutmedialab.com — The kidneys, which are only the size of a computer mouse, filter all the blood in our bodies at all times. The kidneys work hard to get rid of waste, toxins, and excess fluids. In addition, the kidneys play a role in helping control blood pressure, stimulate the production of red blood cells, maintain healthy bones, and regulate blood chemicals that are essential for life. The many roles of the kidneys make the prevention of kidney disease very important to note. How to detect kidney disease early?

What is Kidney Disease?

Kidney disease is a health condition when the kidneys are impaired and do not function properly. Kidney disease is divided into 2 parts, namely acute and chronic. Acute kidney disease occurs suddenly and has the potential to return to normal once the cause has been treated.

Meanwhile, chronic kidney disease progresses slowly over at least three months and can lead to permanent kidney failure.

Early detection of kidney disease

For early detection of kidney disease, we can first identify the symptoms that occur in our bodies as below.

  • Decreased amount of urine, although sometimes it can be normal.
  • Fluid retention causing swelling in the legs, ankles or feet.
  • Foamy urine because the large amount of protein in the urine is not filtered.
  • Hard to breathe.
  • Fatigue.
  • Confusion.
  • Weak.
  • Nauseous.
  • Irregular heartbeat.
  • Chest pain.

If the above symptoms occur, immediately do a check-up to the doctor and get urine and blood checked. When found protein (albumin) in the urine, then it is one of the early signs of kidney disease caused by diabetes.

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Who can get this disease?

At least 1 in 5 adults with high blood pressure and 1 in 3 adults with diabetes have kidney disease. Here are some of the risk factors:

  • Diabetes,
  • Hypertension,
  • Heart disease,
  • Family history of kidney disease, and
  • Obesity.
  • How to manage risk factors for Kidney Disease?
  • Controlling blood sugar levels and blood pressure in diabetic and hypertensive patients.
  • Several studies have demonstrated the possibility of preventing or delaying the occurrence of diabetic kidney disease by treating diabetic patients with blood pressure lowering drugs. In addition to lowering blood pressure, these drugs reduce protein in the urine, which is a risk factor for this disease.
  • Managing cholesterol levels is very important because it is one of the risk factors for heart disease and stroke.
  • Early detection of kidney problems in diabetics is very important to prevent cardiovascular complications and kidney failure.

Living well with kidney disease

After early detection of kidney disease is done, early kidney problems can be overcome through the following things.

  • Lifestyle changes for the better, such as healthy eating. See a clinical nutritionist to help develop a kidney-healthy diet.
  • Use of appropriate medications, such as drugs to lower blood pressure.
  • Avoiding conditions or exposures that can harm the kidneys or cause a sudden decline in kidney function, called acute kidney injury, such as:
    • kidney infection,
    • Certain medications, such as over-the-counter pain medications such as ibuprofen and naproxen, certain antibiotics, and
    • herbal supplements, and A dye used to make blood vessels or organs visible on X-rays or other imaging tests.

Tips for healthy kidneys

  • Lose weight if you are overweight
  • Doing physical activity helps control blood sugar levels
  • Quit smoking
  • Perform routine kidney checks
  • Take medication as directed by the doctor
  • Keep your blood pressure below 140/90 mmHg, or talk to your doctor about the best blood
  • pressure target for you.
  • Take care of your cholesterol
  • Eat low salt food
  • Eat more fruits and vegetables
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Prevent kidney problems by conducting early detection checks and consulting a doctor if the above signs appear. The sooner it is detected and treated, the better the life will be.

Keeping the kidneys healthy is possible by managing risk factors. Take care of our kidney health!

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