donutmedialab.com — Can’t Be Random, Know the Distance of Giving Immunization for Children. Mother may already know that there are many immunization schedules or vaccines that need to be given to children.
Immunizations that do not coincide need to be done at other times with a certain distance. However, do you know what is the time span between vaccines or immunizations? Find out the facts through the following reviews.
Safe distance to provide immunizations for children
Immunizations are needed to protect children’s bodies from certain infectious diseases. This means, the possibility of children getting the disease is reduced when they are immunized.
Even if affected, the severity tends to be mild so that the child does not feel severe pain. Infectious diseases of children also become easier to treat and the chances of recovery are greater.
Some infectious diseases generally have their respective types of vaccines. Even so, there is also one type of vaccine that can protect the child’s body from several diseases.
For example, DPT immunization to help prevent diphtheria, pertussis, and tetanus caused by bacterial infections.
Then, giving two to three types of vaccines can also be combined or combined in one injection dose or given at the same time.
In addition to the various types, several types of vaccines also need to be repeated several times in order to provide optimal protection.
That is why immunization should follow the schedule and time interval set by the Indonesian Pediatrician Association (IDAI) and the World Health Organization (WHO).
This is determined so that children can get all the vaccines needed in full in order to provide optimal protection and prevent disease outbreaks from getting wider.
So, what is the safe time between vaccines for children? Generally, the distance between different types of immunization is at least 4 weeks
This distance of administration is necessary to reduce the risk of interference with the workings of the two types of vaccines that are given close together.
This means, immunization can be more effective if given within a certain time.
Even so, this distance does not apply to all types of vaccines. Some vaccines are known to have no risk of causing interference when given in close proximity.
Types of immunizations that need to be given at a distance
Basically, there are two main categories of vaccines, namely live vaccines and inactivated vaccines.
Live annuated vaccines mean that these types of vaccines contain live microbes that have been attenuated through genetic technology in the laboratory.
This type of vaccine replicates (multiply) to be able to elicit an immune response in the body to ward off disease. The replication process takes time.
If the distance between the administration of live vaccines is too close, the replication process can be disrupted. Therefore, the administration of live vaccines needs to be done within a certain time.
Then, what is the safe distance for giving live vaccines to children? The CDC says it’s at least 4 weeks apart if it’s not given on the same day.
If two vaccines are given in a span of less than 4 weeks, the second vaccine should not be counted and the dose should be repeated at least 4 weeks later.
Therefore, before giving a live vaccine, doctors and the medical team will generally make sure that the child has not received another live vaccine in the previous 28 days.
This provision generally applies to live vaccines given by injection. While orally, the vaccine can generally be given at any time without a certain time lag.
So, what are the recommended live vaccines for children? Here is the list.
- MMR or measles, mumps, and rubella vaccine.
- Chickenpox (varicella) vaccine.
- Yellow fever.
- Rotavirus vaccine.
- Oral polio vaccine.
- BCG Immunization.
Supporting the above information, a study in the United States proved that administering the varicella vaccine within 28 days (4 weeks) after MMR, was three times more likely to fail.
Meanwhile, those who received the two immunizations more than 28 days apart were said to be more effective.
Types of immunizations that can be given without special distance
In addition to live vaccines, there are also so-called dead vaccines (non-live vaccines or inactivated vaccines).
As the name suggests, inactivated vaccines use disease-causing microbes that have been killed and inactivated.
These immunizations are usually not as strong as live vaccines in providing protection.
Therefore, your child may need several doses to gain sustained immunity to the disease.
So, what is included in the dead vaccine? Here are some immunizations that fall into the category of dead vaccines that are commonly given to children.
- Injectable polio vaccine.
- HiB vaccine.
- Hepatitis A and B.
- Influenza vaccine.
- PCV vaccine.
- DPT immunization.
- Typhoid vaccine.
- COVID-19 vaccine.
- JEV or Japanese encephalitis vaccine.
In contrast to live vaccines, vaccines that fall into the category of non-live vaccines may be given at any time before or after live or other inactivated vaccines.
The reason is, so far, there is no evidence that the inactivated vaccine can interfere with the immune response of other dead or live vaccines.
However, children with certain medical conditions may not receive the inactivated vaccine and other vaccines in less than 4 or 8 weeks.
Therefore, it is always a good idea to check with the doctor about the immunization schedule and plan for your child.
This includes when the child is late in getting immunizations, either because of forgetting or certain conditions that make it have to be postponed.
Consult a doctor about the right immunization distance so that your child can get a complete vaccine to protect himself from disease optimally.