donutmedialab.com — The liver or liver functions to digest food and cleanse the body of toxic substances. When liver damage occurs, the signs can certainly interfere with health. So, what are the symptoms of liver disease?
Common symptoms of liver disease
Generally, liver disease, especially in its early stages, has no obvious signs and symptoms. However, it is possible that liver damage can be characterized by certain conditions.
Here are a number of signs of liver disease that you need to be aware of. The reason is, the sooner liver function disorders are treated, the greater the chance of healing they have.
One of the common symptoms of liver disease is jaundice. Jaundice is a condition when the membranes of the eyes and skin turn yellow. This occurs when levels of the bile pigment (bilirubin) increase dramatically in the blood.
High levels of bilirubin can be triggered by inflammation, problems with liver cells, to blockage of the bile ducts. In addition, jaundice can also be caused by the breakdown of red blood cells and this tends to occur in newborns.
That’s why, jaundice is often the first sign of liver disease and sometimes the only sign of this disease.
2. Upper abdominal pain
There are many diseases that can trigger pain in the upper part, one of which is liver disease. Upper abdominal pain is the most common symptom experienced by patients with liver disease because of the location of the liver around the area.
Although it doesn’t trigger pain too often, there are several types of liver disease that are the mastermind behind this abdominal pain, namely:
- abscess, pus that collects around the liver triggers pain,
- hepatitis and trigger pain in the upper abdomen,
- alcoholic hepatitis from consuming too much alcohol damages the liver and causes pain, and
- enlargement of the liver due to cancer which can cause abdominal discomfort.
If the pain in the stomach is accompanied by yellowing of the skin and eye membranes, immediately consult a doctor for medical treatment.
Fatigue is a common symptom that is often experienced by patients with liver disease, especially hepatitis, both as a result of viruses and excessive consumption. However, feeling tired is not a sign of the severity of liver disease.
This is because the symptoms of liver disease are not experienced by everyone. Some liver disease patients may feel very tired, while others may not feel the same way.
In addition, fatigue can be associated with other health problems, such as anemia and poor diet. This makes it difficult for doctors to determine whether the fatigue experienced is due to liver disease or other health problems.
4. Swollen belly
Some of you may feel that a swollen or distended stomach is caused by eating too much. In fact, a swollen belly can be a sign of liver disease.
This is because abdominal swelling can be caused by ascites. Ascites is the accumulation of fluid in the abdominal cavity due to leakage of fluid from the liver and intestines. This condition is often a symptom of liver disease and can trigger a swollen stomach.
In addition, swollen abdomen also sometimes causes pain and shortness of breath. However, keep in mind that the condition can also be a sign of other health problems, so it can’t always be caused by liver disease.
5. Urine color turns dark
If you find the color of your urine turning dark or brown, it is possible that this is a symptom of liver disease. Why is that?
Changes in the color of urine to dark often occur due to the presence of bilirubin or myoglobin in the urine.
Bilirubin is a compound that breaks down hemoglobin and other compounds. Generally, the liver will digest the bilirubin and send it to the bile duct. From the bile ducts, bilirubin will enter the small intestine or be stored in the gallbladder.
When the liver is inflamed, damaged, or the bile ducts are blocked, bilirubin cannot get out of the liver. As a result, bilirubin levels in the blood increase and leave the kidneys.
That is why, people who have hepatitis or cirrhosis are often characterized by a dark urine color.
6. Hemorrhoids or piles
Another symptom of liver disease that you need to watch out for is hemorrhoids (piles). The reason is, patients with liver cirrhosis are at risk of developing hemorrhoids. This can occur because cirrhosis of the liver causes swelling of the veins in the rectum or varicose veins.
These swollen blood vessels can occur without constipation and can trigger bleeding, as well as other complications.
In addition, the accumulation of fluid in the stomach or ascites can also increase the risk of hemorrhoids. The reason is, excess fluid in the stomach that causes the stomach to swell can press on blood vessels which can result in disrupted blood flow.
7. Pale bowel color
Just like urine, the change in the color of the stool to become pale is also caused by bilirubin. When the liver releases bilirubin into the stool, your stool will generally be brown in color.
If your stools are clay-colored or pale, you may have a liver infection caused by bile production or outflow of bile. In addition, people who experience jaundice are also often characterized by a pale stool color.
Symptoms of liver disease may be caused by a buildup of bile chemicals in the body. In addition, there are several other causes related to liver disease that can change the color of bowel movements, such as:
- primary biliary cirrhosis,
- alcoholic hepatitis, and
- viral hepatitis.
8. Easy bruising
For those of you who often find their skin is bruised even though it never falls, you may need to be careful. Because easy bruising can also be a sign of liver disease due to excessive alcohol consumption.
Alcohol abuse is a major risk factor for liver diseases, such as cirrhosis. As liver damage progresses, the liver may stop producing proteins that help the blood clotting process.
Impaired blood clotting can make you easy to bruise which can also be accompanied by other conditions, such as:
- itchy skin,
- swollen feet, up to
9. Other signs of liver damage
In addition to the symptoms of liver disease mentioned above, there are several conditions that can also be a sign of liver damage, such as:
- decreased appetite,
- nausea and vomiting,
- pale skin,
- easily confused, until
If you experience one or more of the symptoms that have been mentioned, and do not subside, immediately consult a doctor.
The sooner you get treatment, the better chance of a cure you have. It also aims to reduce the risk of permanent liver failure which may require lifelong treatment.