donutmedialab.com — The problem of global warming, aka global warming, seems to be familiar to the public, especially since this topic has become increasingly popular in recent years. In addition to the excitement of the problems that haunt the world because of global warming, what is the actual impact of global warming on body health?
What is global warming?
Global warming is a problem of climate change due to a gradual increase in the temperature of the earth’s atmosphere.
This condition is generally associated with increasing levels of carbon dioxide, chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), and other pollutants in the air. This then affects changes in weather, air, and water sources.
Many of you probably already know that sunlight penetrates into the earth through the ozone layer. Normally, the ozone layer acts as a filter that absorbs ultraviolet (UV) radiation from the sun.
Approximately 99% of solar radiation is retained by the ozone layer. In other words, only 1% of the sun’s rays reach the earth.
Actually, sunlight is very useful to provide heat, kill bacteria, stimulate the production of vitamin D in the body, to help improve mood.
Even so, ultraviolet light in excess levels can actually stimulate the production of free radicals in the body, resulting in various diseases, one of which is skin cancer.
In addition, excessive sun exposure can increase the risk of skin irritation and cataracts in the eyes.
This is why filtering UV rays by the ozone layer is essential for human health and survival on earth.
Unfortunately, global warming will increase the ultraviolet radiation that enters the earth.
Of course, the impact of global warming is very worrying, especially for people who often move outside the home and are exposed to direct sunlight.
The cause of global warming
Global warming certainly does not happen without a reason. The following are some of the factors that cause global warming.
1. Burning fossil fuels
When fossil fuels such as gas and coal are burned to generate electricity or power cars, carbon dioxide is released into the atmosphere.
Carbon dioxide pollution is what increases the risk of global warming. As an illustration, in Australia, power generation is the main cause of carbon dioxide pollution.
Plants and trees play an important role in regulating climate. This is because they can absorb carbon dioxide from the air, then release oxygen back into it.
However, when deforestation is carried out, more carbon dioxide is released into the atmosphere, causing global warming.
3. Power station
Basically, buildings and various equipment in them consume a large amount of electrical energy.
As you continue to use all these tools, a certain amount of carbon dioxide and greenhouse gas emissions will be released.
The impact of global warming on human health
It cannot be taken lightly, here are the various impacts of global warming that lurk on the health of every individual in the world.
1. Death due to disaster or extreme weather
If you are aware, extreme events or natural disasters that have often occurred in recent years are one of the effects of global warming.
Starting from major floods, storms, the earth’s temperature is getting hotter, to the melting of the polar ice caps, all of which have claimed many lives.
Take for example, reported by Live Science, a study published in the Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres in 2007 revealed that several regions of Europe have experienced heat waves that have doubled from 100 years ago.
The heat wave that hit several regions in Europe claimed the lives of up to 70,000 people.
Drought conditions or soil degradation in an area are usually caused by climate change and misuse of land or land.
In other words, human activities are one of the causes of land drying up and then being damaged.
When a land is degraded, the land automatically becomes no longer productive or fertile to be used as it should.
As a result, the area of land that should still be used for human purposes such as agriculture, farming, and irrigation is becoming more limited.
3. Spread of the virus
The increase in hot temperatures and rainfall, especially in Indonesia, are some of the most felt effects of global warming.
Changes in weather that occur suddenly can support the spread and infection of viruses, especially viruses that cause diseases that are transmitted through insects and mosquitoes.
These animals will carry and transmit disease germs with the support of weather changes, such as heat to rain and vice versa.
This is the reason behind the emergence of various diseases typical of the rainy season or transition. Some carriers of the disease are cold-blooded animals, so changes in environmental temperature favor their spread.
4. Heat-related illnesses appear
Global warming risks causing heat-related diseases, such as heat stroke or heat exhaustion.
Both occur because you are exposed to high temperatures, while the body does not have enough time to restore its temperature.
Therefore, if you live or have to work in a hot area, know what steps you need to take to prevent heat stroke and heat exhaustion.
5. Respiratory disorders
Asthma is a respiratory disorder that is the impact of global warming. Indirectly, changes in temperature on earth can affect air quality due to high levels of pollutants.
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), global warming has made the climate change by about 0.85 degrees Celsius warmer.
Climate change will gradually have an impact on the production of more dust, pollen, and other pollutants that can cause negative reactions.
In the end, increasing temperatures and air pollution have an impact on breathing. In addition to asthma, poor air quality can cause coughing, chest pain, throat irritation, and block the normal function of the lungs.
How to reduce the impact of global warming
Currently, the Go Green movement and environmental conservation have been promoted to prevent the impact of global warming.
Although not fully improved, it does provide some hope regarding better environmental quality in the future.
In order to keep the earth in tip-top condition, try some simple but big-effect ways to reduce the impact of global warming.
One way is to limit the use of private vehicles and switch to public transportation. This habit will slightly reduce carbon dioxide and carbon monoxide emissions even in small amounts.
You can also minimize the use of plastic so it will not increase the amount of waste on earth. This method will save more energy needed for recycling.
Don’t forget to also be more sensitive to the environment by planting and caring for plants, at least starting from your backyard.
To protect your skin from UV rays, use a sunscreen or sunblock with an SPF of at least 35, especially if you often do outdoor activities. As much as possible, stay away from sun exposure, especially during the day.