donutmedialab.com — Malignant tumors or cancer are the second leading cause of death in the world. This disease occurs due to abnormal cell growth that attacks anyone, both children, adults, to the elderly. Do you know what are the common symptoms of cancer that need to be checked immediately at the hospital?
Come on, learn more in the following review.
Common signs and symptoms of cancer
There are different types of cancer, depending on which cells of the body are damaged. Each type of cancer can cause different symptoms. That is why, the characteristics of people affected by cancer are very diverse.
Some cases of cancer do not even show symptoms until an advanced stage or when the condition is severe. Even so, there are a number of common cancer symptoms that people with cancer feel. Here are various symptoms that you can recognize.
1. Drastic weight loss for no reason
Unexplained weight loss, such as when you’re not on a diet, can be a common symptom of cancer. According to Cancer Research UK, about 60 out of 100 people with cancer experience a loss of appetite and weight loss.
Weight loss generally occurs in people with esophageal cancer, stomach cancer, pancreatic cancer, or other organs in the upper gastrointestinal tract. In addition, people with bone cancer tend to have a body that gets tired easily and loses weight for no apparent reason.
Fever is another sign of cancer that you need to watch out for. In people with blood cancers, such as leukemia or lymphoma (cancer of the lymph nodes), fever is often the first symptom. However, a fever can also be a sign that cancer cells are starting to spread to other surrounding tissues in some other types of cancer. General symptoms of this malignant tumor may appear and disappear, but are persistent alias lasts in the long term.
3. The body feels tired
Symptoms of fatigue generally appear when cancer cells begin to grow and spread. However, in leukemia patients, this can be an early symptom of the disease. Quoted from the Mayo Clinic, some types of cancer stimulate the release of proteins called cytokines. Protein is what makes your body experience fatigue.
Fatigue can also be caused by cancer cells weakening muscles, altering hormone performance, and reducing organ function so that it takes up more energy. In addition to the symptoms themselves, severe fatigue can also occur as a side effect of cancer treatments, such as chemotherapy and radiotherapy.
4. Pain in the body
Pain is most likely a symptom of bone cancer or testicular cancer, especially in the affected body part. In the case of ovarian cancer or colorectal cancer, back pain also indicates that cancer cells have metastasized or spread to other healthy tissues.
Meanwhile, in people who have brain cancer, there is pain in the area around the head that generally does not go away. This condition may improve after taking pain medication, but it can keep coming back.
5. Swollen lymph nodes
Lymph nodes are part of the human immune system that helps fight infection. When an infection occurs, the lymph nodes will swell. Likewise when the body is “attacked” by the growth of abnormal cancer cells. Therefore, swollen lymph nodes in the neck, armpits, or groin, you need to be aware of. Swelling of these glands can be a sign or symptom of cancer, especially lymph cancer or lymphoma.
6. Coughing up blood
People with lung cancer will generally have a cough that doesn’t go away or gets worse over time. Sometimes, coughing can also be accompanied by blood. The condition you are experiencing can also occur accompanied by discomfort or chest pain. People with throat cancer can experience similar symptoms, especially in the form of breathing problems such as hoarseness and sore throat.
7. Difficulty swallowing
The most common feature of esophageal or esophageal cancer is difficulty swallowing. This is because the esophagus is the entry point for food into the esophagus. The symptoms you experience may appear occasionally. However, over time symptoms can worsen as the esophageal passage narrows due to cancer. This will make you less appetite so that makes you lose weight drastically.
8. Digestive disorders
Digestive disorders that you often experience, such as heartburn, nausea, and vomiting, may be one of the early symptoms of stomach cancer. Not only that, other symptoms such as a stomach that is full quickly even though you have just eaten a little, decreased appetite, and weight loss you also need to watch out for. While colorectal cancer that attacks the colon and rectum, the characteristics include constipation, diarrhea, or prolonged bloody stools.
9. Changes in urination habits
This bowel habit that changes to be more frequent or less frequent than usual can be caused by bladder cancer. Other types of cancer, such as kidney cancer, can also cause pain and blood in your urine when you urinate. Meanwhile, men with prostate cancer will urinate more frequently at night. You may also take a long time to pass urine.
10. Changes in skin color
Cancer that attacks skin cells can also cause changes in skin color. Symptoms of this cancer you can see and observe with the naked eye. Skin changes are usually indicated by darker skin color (hyperpigmentation), yellowish skin and eyes (jaundice), redness of the skin, and itching for no apparent reason.
Skin cancer can also cause symptoms in the form of wounds that do not heal. This type of cancer also causes leukoplakia, which are white patches associated with oral cancer. Wounds that do not heal on the genitals also show symptoms of penile cancer and vaginal cancer.
11. Bumps or other marks on the skin
The appearance of a skin lump is the most characteristic feature of skin cancer. These lumps arise due to cells that divide uncontrollably and accumulate. Abnormal moles can also be a symptom of skin cancer.
Initially, these black spots are small, but over time they change shape, enlarge, become red, and painful. In addition, breast lumps are also a typical symptom of breast cancer in women and men. Lumps that appear in the area around the vulva (the outside of the vagina) can also be a sign of vaginal cancer.
12. Unusual bleeding outside of menstruation
Women should be careful if they experience unusual bleeding, especially those that occur outside of the menstrual cycle and are accompanied by severe pain. The reason, this can be the characteristics of endometrial cancer and cervical cancer (neck of the womb).
These symptoms will make the menstrual cycle messy or abnormal. If you experience this, try to check your menstrual cycle with a fertility calculator. Postmenopausal bleeding also needs to be watched out for. In addition, vaginal discharge and an unpleasant smell can also be a symptom of cervical and vaginal cancer.
Early detection and diagnosis of cancer
If you experience symptoms that are suspected of being cancer, you should immediately go to the hospital. Your doctor will ask you to undergo cancer tests to make a diagnosis. In addition to diagnosing disease, this medical test also aims for early detection of people who are at high risk of developing cancer.
Here are some recommended health tests:
- Physical examination: examination by looking at symptoms and personal and family medical history related to the risk of cancer.
- Laboratory tests: examination through blood tests to see abnormal measurement values.
- Imaging tests: a series of examinations, such as ultrasound, MRI, CT scan, and PET scan to look inside the body to determine the location and size of the tumor.
- Biopsy: a procedure for taking tissue samples suspected of being cancer cells in the body for re-examination in the laboratory.
After being diagnosed with cancer, it’s natural to feel sad and disappointed with the results. It’s okay if you need time to receive a diagnosis from a doctor. However, do not let this continue to drag on and interfere with your health.
Some of the initial efforts you can do to deal with cancer are increasing your knowledge of related diseases, seeking support, maintaining health, and building life expectancy to motivate yourself while undergoing treatment. Most important health, Thank you.