donutmedialab.com — 10 Hepatitis Prevention Needs to Start Now. Hepatitis is a disease with a high number of cases in developing countries, including Indonesia.
Inflammatory liver disease is generally caused by a virus so that it can be transmitted to other people. Therefore, you need to know the right way to prevent hepatitis.
How to prevent hepatitis transmission
There are five types of hepatitis caused by viruses, namely hepatitis A, B, C, D, and E. In addition, there is non-viral hepatitis associated with the effects of drugs, alcohol, or autoimmune diseases.
Just like other infectious diseases, hepatitis can develop into outbreaks in several places. Around the end of April 2022, WHO reported cases of acute hepatitis of unknown cause occurred in 20 countries.
On May 9, 2022, the Minister of Health of the Republic of Indonesia, Budi Gunadi Sadikin, said that there had been 15 cases of mysterious hepatitis in children found in Indonesia.
The good news is, you can do various ways in anticipation of the transmission of hepatitis, as well as mysterious acute hepatitis.
The slightest prevention effort can certainly break the spread of hepatitis and avoid new disease outbreaks.
1. Hepatitis vaccine
One way to prevent transmission of hepatitis is to get the hepatitis vaccine. Even so, so far only available vaccines for two types of viral hepatitis, namely hepatitis A and hepatitis B.
Vaccines are the most effective prevention method to reduce the number of hepatitis cases. The reason is, when the hepatitis vaccine is given to people who are at risk of infection, the body will be stimulated to make antibodies.
These antibodies will later play a role in fighting the hepatitis virus if at any time it enters the body.
Normally, both the hepatitis A vaccine and the hepatitis B vaccine are received when you are a baby. However, adults or teenagers can also get vaccinated with adjusted doses.
If you are pregnant, discuss it with your doctor first. The reason is that vaccination is feared to have an impact on the health of the fetus in the womb. This also applies when you have certain diseases or health conditions.
2. Wash your hands regularly
In addition to vaccines, you can also apply a clean and healthy lifestyle. Maintaining cleanliness is the main key in preventing hepatitis, especially the types of hepatitis that do not have a vaccine, such as hepatitis C, D, E, and mysterious hepatitis .
One of the prevention of hepatitis that needs to be applied is washing hands. Try to get into the habit of washing your hands when:
- before and after eating,
- after from the bathroom, and
- before and after processing food.
Regular hand washing can be a way to prevent hepatitis, especially hepatitis A and hepatitis E. The reason is, these two types of viruses can be transmitted from feces to the food or drink consumed.
That is why, washing hands with soap can at least reduce to eliminate the virus that sticks to the hands.
3. Use a condom during sex
Did you know that having sex with people with hepatitis, especially hepatitis A, hepatitis B, and hepatitis D, puts you at risk for the same disease?
Hepatitis B, for example, can be transmitted through contact with infected body fluids, such as semen and vaginal fluids.
If you have sex with a partner who is exposed to hepatitis, the risk of getting hepatitis is even greater, especially when you are not using contraception.
That’s why, it’s important to know your partner’s disease history as a way to prevent hepatitis.
If your partner or family member has a history of hepatitis, you should have sexual intercourse, either anal or oral, with a condom.
4. Avoid sharing needles
Needles or other medical devices that are not sterile can be a means of spreading the hepatitis virus.
You need to be vigilant, especially when working as a health worker who is in direct contact with people with hepatitis.
In addition, indiscriminate use of needles, such as needles in tattooing or the use of illegal drugs, can also be a medium for transmitting the virus.
Therefore, the next effort or way to prevent acute hepatitis is to avoid the use of syringes.
You never know how the health condition of people who used needles before you, whether exposed to infectious diseases or not.
5. Do not use personal hygiene tools with other people
Sharing with others is not a bad thing. However, you still need to know when to share something with others.
For example, sharing toothbrushes, razors, nail clippers, and other personal tools can increase the risk of hepatitis, especially hepatitis C. Sometimes hepatitis patients have no symptoms of hepatitis.
If the person’s blood sticks to one of your hygiene kits, chances are the virus can enter the body. As a result, you are at risk of contracting hepatitis.
That’s why, try to choose which items can be used together and which ones should be used alone as a way to prevent hepatitis.
6. Pay attention to the cleanliness of food and drinks
Food and drink contaminated with the virus can be a route of transmission of hepatitis. One type of hepatitis virus that is often transmitted through food and drink is hepatitis A and hepatitis E.
The Ministry of Health also suspects that the mysterious acute hepatitis that occurs in children is caused by a virus that attacks the gastrointestinal tract. That is, transmission can come from contaminated food.
Some raw foods, such as shellfish, tend to be at risk of being a medium for the development of the virus that causes hepatitis.
Therefore, try to consume food and drinks that are cooked, clean, and processed hygienically.
When you eat out, choose foods that are guaranteed to be cooked. Meanwhile, when traveling out of town and the sanitation in the surrounding environment is not clean, you should drink bottled mineral water.
Another way to prevent food-borne hepatitis is to make sure you don’t share eating utensils with other people. Also make sure to keep the cutlery you use clean.
7. Maintain liver health
How to prevent hepatitis transmission must also be accompanied by maintaining liver health.
The reason is, non-viral hepatitis, such as alcoholic hepatitis, can occur due to excessive alcohol consumption, thus damaging the liver and triggering hepatitis.
There are a number of ways you can do to maintain liver health as an effort to prevent hepatitis, including:
- stop drinking alcoholic beverages,
- quit smoking to reduce the risk of hepatitis C,
- avoid taking iron and vitamin A supplements in excess,
- use caution when using herbal supplements, such as kava kava, and
- maintain ideal body weight.
How to prevent hepatitis can also help the body’s health in general to fight infection with the hepatitis virus.
8. Prevent transmission of hepatitis through blood transfusion
Recipients of blood donors or organ transplants are also at risk for hepatitis, especially hepatitis B and hepatitis C.
This mode of transmission is quite rare because before someone donates blood, they must undergo an examination first.
The examination aims to see whether the donor has diseases that can be transmitted through blood, such as hepatitis and HIV.
The procedure is under the supervision of PMI which is guaranteed by Law no. 36/2009 on Health.
The government is responsible for the implementation of blood donation services that are safe, easily accessible, and in accordance with the needs of the community.
9. Know your own family’s medical history
By finding out your own family medical history related to hepatitis, you can be more alert and implement ways to prevent hepatitis more effectively.
It also aims to be more careful about the transmission of hepatitis that may occur.
If one of your family members has been or is currently infected with hepatitis, you should do regular check-ups to get a definite answer.
If you want to know what tests are done to diagnose hepatitis, especially mysterious hepatitis, please contact your doctor for the right solution.
10. Avoid swimming as prevention of mysterious hepatitis
Until now, WHO and the Ministry of Health are still carrying out investigations into the causes of hepatitis I experienced by children.
Limiting mobility can be the right step to avoid the transmission of diseases whose cause is not known with certainty,
You and your family should limit activities in public places and recreational areas, such as shopping centers, playgrounds, and swimming pools.
If you want to reduce the risk of transmitting infection, choose the right time to visit, for example swimming when there are not many visitors or swimming in a quiet pool area.
While in public, make sure to keep your distance and wear a mask when interacting with other people. Clean the body after swimming using your own toiletries.
For more effective hepatitis prevention, postpone planning a vacation with your little one at the pool or other tourist attractions.